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Tula

Tula known as the birthplace of delicious gingerbread and the "samovar capital" of Russia. It is located 185 km from Moscow. This is a calm and quiet town with an ancient history - it is a year older than the capital (founded in 1146). Most of the excursion sites are temples and monasteries.

Tula is famous for its pleasant climate - mild winters and cool summers. The streets of the city are a real open-air museum. Many old buildings of the 18th-19th centuries have been preserved here. Tourists come here to look at the Tula Kremlin - this is the oldest building in the city.

How the city was born

Initially, Tula did not stand out among its “neighbors”. It all started with a small settlement - it was inhabited by the Slavic tribe Vyatichi. The town was part of the Ryazan principality, from the 16th century - into the Moscow one. Tula was located on the southern border, so they took special care of its strengthening. This is how a powerful brick Kremlin appeared. As soon as it was completed, the city had to withstand the invasion of the Crimean Khan. In the future, many sieges awaited him.

In the 17th century, the border was pushed back. The tranquility gave impetus to the development of the blacksmith craft. The Moscow sovereigns encouraged this occupation and even saved the craftsmen from taxes. Factories soon began to appear. The famous arms production dates back to the 18th century. At the end of the century, Tula became the center of the province. In the 19th century, enterprises began to open where they made samovars and accordions. Later, gingerbread production began to develop.

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Walking the streets of Tula

Compared to the capital, the pace of life in Tula is unhurried. People don't run anywhere, they are calmer. Tourists note the friendliness and sociability of local residents. The "heart" of the city is the Central District. Its part, Lenin Avenue, is a real open-air museum, where many old buildings fit. In the center you will hardly find high-rise buildings.

If you walk deep into the streets that are located near the Kremlin, you can see ancient dugouts. People still live in them. In the center of Tula there is also Lenin Square and the Kremlin Garden.

The oldest street in the city is also located in the Central District - st. Metalists. Once it was called Pyatnitskaya, merchants lived here. Life was in full swing: people looked into the seating yard, barbershops worked, a tavern and a tavern received guests, several dozen shops were opened. All buildings were built of stone. Today, few of the old buildings have survived, but the buildings of the 19th century have saved time. The guests are impressed by an old Russian-style chapel. In the future, this historic center will be pedestrianized.

Tourists also drop in to the Tula region "Zarechya". This part of the city is also old, it was built up in the 16th century. Initially, the area was created for blacksmiths who were supposed to be engaged in the production of weapons. The names of the streets remind of this: Arsenalnaya, Dulnaya, Barrels, Porokhovaya ... New multi-storey buildings coexist with ancient buildings.
It is worth taking a walk along Oktyabrskaya Street - drop by the Gingerbread Museum, enjoy the atmosphere of the Church of St. Sergius of Radonezh, take a picture near the Tula Tea Party monument. The Zarechensky region has also taken a liking to the new Weapon Museum.
Evening Tula is no less beautiful. The Kremlin, museums, the building of the Moscow railway station fascinate with the illumination. Houses on Lenin and Krasnoarmeisky avenues are shining with soft lights. It is worth looking at the illuminated facades of the Philharmonic Society and the building of the Noble Assembly.

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"Tula Tea Party" and other monuments

Tula is generous with interesting monuments and sculptures. "Tula Gingerbread" flaunts on Lenin Square. The "tasty" symbol was immortalized in bronze recently - in 2014. This is the largest gingerbread found in the city - 2.5 meters in diameter.

Another funny monument is dedicated to Lefty. It is curious that the sculpture was made two decades ago, but all this time it was at the factory. Only in 2009, Levsha took his place near the Tula "MashStroy". In his left hand is a blacksmith's hammer, in his right is the very flea from the story. The monument was erected for a reason. The prototype of Lefty is a master of the Tula arms factory.

At the intersection of Oktyabrskaya and Puzakova streets, in "Zarechye", "Tula tea drinking" does not stop. This is the name of a cozy and hospitable monument. A table full of treats, a samovar, gingerbread, an accordion, a dog and a cat are located near the owners - the composition united several symbols of the city at once. There is a free chair nearby - you can "join" your home-made tea party.

There are monuments in Tula to Nikita Demidov, Peter I, Prince Vladimir, Katyusha. In the Kremlin garden there are sculptures of Peter and Fevronia, "Mushroom Glade". The most "fun" monument is the monument to the mother-in-law. The name is unofficial, as the locals called it. The sculpture is located near the exotarium - it is a dinosaur with a long tail and a frightening grin.

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Acquaintance with architecture

The oldest building in the city is the Tula Kremlin. Once it contained the entire city within its walls. Today there are two cathedrals inside, a weapons museum, and the Kremlin garden. The Tula Kremlin was built in the 16th century, and it fulfilled its mission perfectly - protecting it from enemy attacks. The walls were built of white stone and red brick. The length is considerable - a whole kilometer. Ten-meter walls with battlements in the form of a “dovetail” served as a reliable defense for the settlement. The pillar of the Kremlin is nine towers, four of which are passable.

Tourists and locals walk around the territory of the complex, visit the Kremlin Garden. You can join a tour of the Kremlin, see the towers, walk along the powerful and wide walls of the fortification.

There are two cathedrals on the territory - the Assumption and the Epiphany. The second temple houses a weapons museum. The Assumption Cathedral took the place of its predecessor. Once there was a wooden building here. In the 18th century, the cathedral was rebuilt at the expense of Tula masters. You can admire the temple for a long time: stucco molding from floristic ornaments, rosettes and brick patterns, interior painted by Yaroslavl icon painters. The cathedral is made in the Baroque style, like its "neighbor" - the bell tower. Together they create a single ensemble, but by age, the buildings are separated by centuries. The second temple, Epiphany, "joined" the Assumption in the 19th century. It was built with the thoughts of the Tula people who died in the Crimean War. Today the space of the cathedral is occupied by a museum of weapons.

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